Using a combination of different transport carriers is sometimes better to achieve the best total logistics and shipping company in Singapore. It is always a good pattern to start off with the definitions of key terms that need to be better understood and explained to get a better perspective difference between Multimodal and Intermodal transportation. Multimodal transport, also referred to as combined transport is the transportation of products underneath one contract, however, performed with a minimum of two completely different modes of transport. Here the carrier is liable for the complete carriage, even supposing it’s performed by many completely different modes of transport (by rail, ocean, and road).
It is not necessary that the carrier will possess all the means of transport and the carriage is often performed by subcarriers also referred to as actual carriers. The carrier which is responsible for the entire carrier is also called a multi-modal transport operator or MTO.
Intermodal freight transport is the transportation of freight in an intermodal container which will involve multiple modes of transportation like rail, sea, and truck but will not involve handling of the freight when changing the modes of transportation. This in a way reduces the cargo handling and also improves security and reduces the damage and loss of the cargo.
Also, t has to be noted that Intermodal shipping is the movement of freight from origin to destination by many modes of transport with distinct transport carrier accountable, each with its own independent contract.
Multiple carriers during a single journey. Each leg of the cargo is being handled by a separate transport carrier. The Shipper can have many contracts, one with every transport carrier to handle their specific leg of the cargo.
In comparison to the Intermodal, Multimodal is the movement of freight from origin to destination by many modes of transport where every one of those modes has a distinct transport carrier accountable, but underneath a single contract or bill of lading. Multimodal is using various modes of transport but with one transport bill of lading.
The differentiation between multimodal and intermodal lies within the contract/ bill of load and transport carrier responsibility/liability of the movement.
Advantages of Multimodal Transportation :
- The shipper can hold the one carrier liable for movement should an issue arise.
- Getting tracking and tracing updates are from one carrier and efficiency in delivery times can be met.
- The decrease of provision coordination expenses of a shipper.
Advantages of Intermodal Transportation :
- The shipper has the ability to select own carriers based on the price and services offered at every single leg of the shipment.
- Gain flexibility and specialized handling of loading and unloading merchandise at completely different ports.
- Shippers have additional access to instrumentation and might higher management capability and choice of transit schedules.
- Ability to stop the shipment at a certain point for any reason since you control each leg, and more agility on carrier selection if there are equipment or space issues with carriers.
Summary: It is based on the operational requirement to choose one mode over the other as it depends on several key factors. One such factor will be on the shippers choice to have multiple contracts with multiple carriers. Also, the cost difference between both the options can also play an important role in the decision making as intermodal transportation give the shipper with better costs effectiveness. The shipper will also have to decide if he is better equipped to deal with multiple contracts as is in the case of intermodal transportation or have a single contract with the carrier irrespective of multiple carriers to decrease administrative overheads and paperwork involved in the shipment.